These instructions will help in installing Obseron with a GUI on a CentOS 7 platform. Obseron with a GUI will work as a viewing client and as a recorder. Installation may differ from the instructions due to different hardware used for servers. There are only a few mandatory steps, but all the suggested steps are very useful. These instructions should not be followed blindly but adjusted to fit your hardware (such as GPU and drivers for it).
CentOS 7 GNOME Desktop (64-bit required)
2. CentOS partitions and installation
The following partition table is a suggestion on how to partition your system when you have a single 1TB hard disk.
|/||25||ext4||(OS root directory)|
|/home||50||ext4||(Users home directory, Gallery and configs will be stored here)|
|/var/lib/obseron/capture/d||100||ext4||(This partition is for the database)|
|/var/lib/obseron/capture/e||"Use all remaining space"||ext4||(This is for the actual recordings)|
After the CentOS installation, add a new user (for example "obseron") and log in.
3. Installing Obseron
To install Obseron, open up a terminal and elevate your privileges to root.
[obseron@localhost ~]$ su -
#(Install Obseron repository)
rpm -Uvh http://packages.ksenos.fi/centos/7/x86_64/ksenos-release-0.2-1.noarch.rpm
yum -y install obseron-gui
#(Set privileges for recording space for user "obseron")
chown -R obseron:obseron /var/lib/obseron/capture
After the installation is completed, you can close the terminal and open Obseron. Next all you need to do is enter a product key, configure recording spaces from the Obseron settings, and start adding cameras. These are all described in the Obseron Quickstart Guide.
4. Suggested configurations and additional software
4.1 Update all packages. (root access required)
yum -y update
4.2 Install additional repository for the packages in later suggestions. (root access required)
rpm --import http://elrepo.org/RPM-GPG-KEY-elrepo.org
rpm -Uvh http://www.elrepo.org/elrepo-release-7.0-4.el7.elrepo.noarch.rpm
yum -y install epel-release
rpm -Uvh https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/el/rpmfusion-free-release-7.noarch.rpm
4.3 Install VLC media player to play back video clips. (root access required)
yum -y install vlc
4.4 If your system has an NVIDIA GPU, you need to install NVIDIA drivers. The following command will first detect the correct driver and then install it. (root access required)
yum -y install nvidia-detect && yum -y install $(nvidia-detect)
4.5 Set automatic OS login for your user (in this example "obseron"). (root access required)
Edit or add the following lines under [daemon] section.
4.6 Disable some selected system services or configure them. (root access required)
#(Firewall, configure it to open ports for web (80) and server (9191))
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=80/tcp --permanent
firewall-cmd --zone=public --add-port=9191/tcp --permanent
#(Firewall, or disable it)
chkconfig firewalld off
#(kdump is for creating a crash dump from kernel crashes)
chkconfig kdump off
#(PackageKit is an auto-updater for CentOS and should be removed to avoid unexpected restarts)
yum -y remove PackageKit
4.7 Increase the maximum number of open file handles. Too many open file handles have caused some systems to malfunction when the default lower value is used. (root access required)
Add the following lines at the end of the file.
obseron soft nofile 10000
obseron hard nofile 10000
4.8 Set desktop attributes like the screensaver and automatic locking for the user.
First exit from elevated privileges.
[root@localhost ~]# exit
Then type the following commands as a normal user.
#(Disable screen shield/blank screen and screen locking)
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.session idle-delay 0
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.lockdown disable-lock-screen true
Reboot is also suggested after all of these changes. Before rebooting, make sure to doublecheck your NVIDIA driver (if you installed it) is the correct one.
Obseron can be manually started from the Applications -> Sound & Video menu.
Here's how I've been configuring firewalld, in case anyone else wants to keep theirs enabled.
**This has been what works for me, but let me know if there's anything else I missed!**
1. Create the file "/etc/firewalld/services/obseron-vms.xml" with this info:
2. Run these commands: "firewall-cmd --reload && firewall-cmd --add-service=obseron-vms && firewall-cmd --runtime-to-permanent"
3. Verify the new service is enabled: "firewall-cmd --list-all"
Description of ports opened:
80 => HTTP & ONVIF
443 => HTTPS
9191 => Client connection
8554 => RTSP (Can be removed, if not using.)
2525 => SMTP alarm receiver (Can be removed, if not using.)
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